Davao, Philippines dengue fever cases increase 150%
Subscribe Now May 19, 2011 at 01:07pm
In Davao, dengue fever is king. It is the number one infectious disease monitored by the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) in the region. According to the DOH 2010 annual surveillance report just released, Davao recorded 9,563 cases last year. In 2009, the Davao region recorded 3,800 cases of the mosquito-borne virus- representing a more than 150% increase.
According to the Sun Star, in Davao City alone, 7,034 cases of dengue have been recorded, Davao del Norte posted 753 cases, Davao Oriental has 616 cases, Davao del Sur has 480 cases, and 313 cases were recorded in Compostela Valley province.
A prevention and control strategy has been put in place which involves: searching and destroying all mosquitoes breeding sites, self-protection measures, seeking early treatment, and saying no to indiscriminate fogging except during outbreaks.
According to the WHO, dengue is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses. It occurs in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. Symptoms appear 3—14 days after the infective bite. Dengue fever is a febrile illness that affects infants, young children and adults.
Symptoms range from a mild fever, to incapacitating high fever, with severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rash. There are no specific antiviral medicines for dengue. It is important to maintain hydration. Use of acetylsalicylic acid (e.g. aspirin) and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. Ibuprofen) is not recommended.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding) is a potentially lethal complication, affecting mainly children. Early clinical diagnosis and careful clinical management by experienced physicians and nurses increase survival of patients.
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